Appearance Matters 6 (2014)

La Conferenza di Bristol, 1-2 luglio 2014

Bristol Abstract (icona)Si è svolta a luglio la Conferenza "Appearance Matters 6" presso l'University of West of England di Bristol sul tema dell'apparenza corporea e delle conseguenze negative psicologiche e sociali. Alla conferenza ha partecipato il Prof. Davide Dèttore che è intervenuto in merito a "Differential prevalence of depressive and narcissistic traits in agonistic and non-agonistic bodybuilders with muscle dysmorphia", il cui estratto è qui sotto riportato, visibile cliccando sul tab grigio. L'Abstract dell'intera conferenza di Bristol è invece scaricabile in formato pdf. (circa 1,5 Mb) cliccando sull'icona di sinistra.

Abstract dell'intervento del Prof. Dèttore

Differential prevalence of depressive and narcissistic traits in agonistic and non-agonistic bodybuilders with muscle dysmorphia

Prof. D. Dèttore (University of Florence, Italy) & E. Santarnecchi (University of Siena, Italy)

Muscle dysmorphia disorder (MDD) refers to a constellation of symptoms mainly involving (i) a pervasive dissatisfaction for one’s own physical appearance, (ii) a constant drive for increasing lean body mass and (iii) a consequent functional impairment in several aspects of everyday life. However, whether such complex condition could evolve irrespectively of specific personality pattern or, instead, interact with specific personality traits has not been investigated yet. More specifically, observational and experimental data suggest a differential prevalence for depressive and narcissistic-like traits between people involved into agonistic or non-agonistic bodybuilding activity. Here we assessed symptoms related to MDD, depression (Beck Depression Inventory, BDI), narcissism (Narcissistic Personality Inventory, NPI) and anxiety (among others dimensions) in 260 subjects representing non-training subjects (controls), competing and non-competing bodybuilders. Given the large variability within the sample, a data-driven classification approach allowed excluding outliers as well competing/non-competing subjects not showing any clinically significant features, therefore restricting the analysis to a core group of subjects (n=178). Analysis of variance showed a significant difference in depression and narcissism levels between competing and non-competing bodybuilders (NPI, F=34.186, p.<0.01; BDI, F=10.298, p.<0.05), with higher level of narcissism detected in the former ones while a slight depressive symptomatology has been identified in the latter ones. Post-hoc comparisons (p.<0.05 Bonferroni corrected) showed significant differences between agonistic/non-agonistic subjects and controls. Even though the cross-sectional nature of our study does not allows to infer a predictive model for the genesis, maintenance and worsening of MDD symptomatology, our results suggest a potential interaction between MDD, narcissism and depression, with a stronger association between narcissistic trait and the development of more severe MDD conditions expressed by competing body- builders.

Qui sotto, invece, è riportato un interessante disegno sinottico degli argomenti trattati alla Conferenza. Nel riquadro in blu sono evidenziati i temi toccati nell'intervento del Prof. Dèttore. Cliccando il disegno è possibile visualizzarne l'ingrandimento.

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Istituto Miller - Istituto di Psicologia
Scuola di Specializzazione in Psicoterapia Cognitivo Comportamentale

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